A genus of about 30 species of flowering herb. Used in traditional Chinese medicine for a staggering number of ailments, including joint pain and muscle cramps, nervous and cardiovascular disorders, gynecological ailments, GI tract issues, wounds, dysentery, and hepatitis.


Luo Q, Liu CH, Gu M. Recording of classical prescriptions and materia medica in the Han Dynasty. Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi. 2010;40(6):376–378

Zahra N, Iqbal J, Arif M, Abbasi BA, Sher H, Nawaz AF, Yaseen T, Ydyrys A, Sharifi-Rad J, Calina D. A comprehensive review on traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of Paeonia emodi Wall. ex Royle: current landscape and future perspectives. Chin Med. 2023 Mar 2;18(1):23. doi: 10.1186/s13020-023-00727-7. PMID: 36859262; PMCID: PMC9979516.

Image attribution: Fanghong - Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=733608